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Thursday, April 30, 2020 | History

3 edition of Relationships between surface observations over the global oceans and the southern oscillation found in the catalog.

Relationships between surface observations over the global oceans and the southern oscillation

Peter B. Wright

Relationships between surface observations over the global oceans and the southern oscillation

  • 274 Want to read
  • 38 Currently reading

Published by U.S. Dept. of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Environmental Research Laboratories in Seattle, Wash .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Ocean-atmosphere interaction,
  • Southern oscillation

  • Edition Notes

    StatementPeter B. Wright, Todd P. Mitchell, John M. Wallace
    SeriesNOAA data report ERL PMEL -- 12
    ContributionsMitchell, Todd P, Wallace, John M. 1940-, Environmental Research Laboratories (U.S.)
    The Physical Object
    Paginationviii, 61 p.
    Number of Pages61
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL13608982M

    Climatology (from Greek κλίμα, klima, "place, zone"; and -λογία, -logia) or climate science is the scientific study of climate, scientifically defined as weather conditions averaged over a period of time. This modern field of study is regarded as a branch of the atmospheric sciences and a subfield of physical geography, which is one of the Earth sciences. with a 2–3 month lag. The ratio between Ttropos and the surface warming signal was for land but only for oceans. Their findings support the mechanism over oceans described by Chiang and Sobel () as holding true on the larger scale they were investigating. No mechanism was proposed for land warming, the higher ratio of warm-.


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Relationships between surface observations over the global oceans and the southern oscillation by Peter B. Wright Download PDF EPUB FB2

Relationships between surface observations over the global oceans and the southern oscillation. Seattle, Wash.: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Environmental Research Laboratories, [] (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource.

El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is a natural, coupled atmospheric-oceanic cycle that occurs in the tropical Pacific Ocean on an approximate timescale of 2. Observed Relationships between the El Niño Southern Oscillation and the Extratropical Zonal-Mean Circulation Article in Journal of Climate 19(2) January with 20 Reads.

The Southern Oscillation refers to the difference in surface air pressure between _____. Tahiti and northern Australia Neutral (long-term average) conditions in the tropical Pacific Ocean include all of the following with the exception of ___________.

Relationships between surface observations over the global oceans and the southern oscillation. Published Date: In the Southern Hemisphere and tropics, the main contribution to carbon monoxide (CO) variability is from fire emissions, which are connected to climate through the availability, type, and dryness of fuel.

and related. Relationships between Pacific and Atlantic ocean sea surface temperatures and U.S. streamflow variability associated with El Nin˜o–Southern Oscillation (ENSO), while during the warm phase of the PDO, Pacific Ocean SSTs influenced non-ENSO streamflow regions (Upper ColoradoCited by: mean near-surface ocean currents, their seasonal cycle, their projection onto the Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) (representing the El Ni~no–Southern Oscillation (ENSO)), and the variance of eddy fluctuations from a homogeneous data set of global near-surface current observations from the satellite-tracked drifters of the Global Drifter ProgramCited by: Winds, water density, and tides all drive ocean currents.

Coastal and sea floor features influence their location, direction, and speed. Earth’s rotation results in the Coriolis Effect which also influences ocean currents. Similar to a person trying to walk in a straight line across a spinning merry-go-round, winds and ocean waters get deflected from a straight line path as they travel.

Atmospheric water vapor has an important role in maintaining the hydrological cycle on the earth’s climate system. Water vapor integrated from the surface to the top of the atmosphere, often called column water vapor (CWV), is known to be related closely with sea surface temperature (SST) over the global ocean (e.g., Prabhakara et al.

; Raval and Cited by: A seasonal trend of rainfall following the seasonal north-south migration of warm SST was confirmed. High correlations between Caribbean SST anomalies and the southern oscillation (SO) index were established, but significant correlations with the interannual variability of Cited by: 1.

Thus, they are often responsible for abnormal weather patterns occurring simultaneously over seemingly vast distances. A good example is El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), a periodic fluctuation in sea surface temperature and air pressure in the equatorial Pacific Ocean.

The Southern Oscillation, named by its discoverer – Sir Gilbert Walker – on the other hand, refers to a ‘seesaw’ of the atmospheric pressure between the Pacific and Indian Oceans. It was not until the seminal work of Jacob Bjerknes in the late s that scientists realized that these two phenomena are intimately linked.

and seasons. Norris (b) used a global dataset of synoptic surface cloud observations primarily made by volunteer observing ships (VOS) to document how cli-matological distributions of low cloud type frequency were related to climatological patterns of MBL struc-ture, advection, surface divergence, and synoptic activ-ity over the global ocean.

over global oceans with a combined climatology/modality approach. In the space domain, 12 centres of SLP climatology have been identified, on the basis of which five significant atmospheric oscillations are observed, namely, the North AtlanticCited by: 2.

Over 70% of global land area: - (last years for Europe and China) Very likely: High-temperature days/nights: Increase, more so for nights than days: Over 70% of global land area: Very likely: Cold spells/snaps (episodes of several days) Insufficient studies, but daily temperature changes imply a decrease.

El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO), which features an equatorial quasi-symmetric sea surface temperature anomaly (SSTA), is related to both the symmetric and asymmetric components of the Hadley circulation (HC) by: 3.

The Antarctic Oscillation (AAO) and its Northern Hemisphere analogue, the Arctic Oscillation (Thompson and Wallace, ), correspond to an oscillation that is identified between middle and high‐latitude large‐scale pressure and geopotential fields.

They are also called the Northern and Southern Annular Modes, due to their zonal annular Cited by:   – “The Unsuspected Global Warming Culprit, El Niño-Southern Oscillation” Bob Tisdale has published his new book, as he announced on his website Bob Tisdale – Climate Observations.

Bob has contributed very important information on the documentation of ocean temperature patterns and trends, and this new book is a significant new. the Southern Oscillation, important seasonal variations are present, especially for sea level pressure and pre-cipitation.

Introduction One of the most prominent sources of interannual variations in weather and climate around the world is the El Nin˜o–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon.

The existence of a global scale seesaw in. Relationships between Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies in the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans and South Texas Precipitation and Streamflow Variability Dorina Murgulet1, Valeriu Murgulet 1, Richard Hay2, and Alberto Mestas-Nuñez 1Department of Physical and Environmental Sciences, Texas A&M University–Corpus Christi.

Mesoscale meteorological events tied to global-scale variations such as the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO). Observations required for each of these phenomena are not obtainable through a single solution, such as a single global network of ground-based observations or an ensemble of space-based remote sensors.

On global scales it would. Precipitation sensitivity to global warming: Comparison of observations with HadCM2 simulations. El Niño and Southern Oscillation (ENSO): A Review, Coral Reefs of the Eastern Tropical Pacific, /_4Relationships between rainfall anomalies over northeastern Brazil and the El Niño –Southern.

The Southern Oscillation is a back and forth variation in atmospheric pressure between a high pressure system normally located off the west coast of South America and a low pressure system normally located in the western Pacific near Indonesia and Australia.

On the Observed Relationships between Variability in Gulf Stream Sea Surface and have a notable impact on global climate (e.g., Horel and Wallace ). In contrast, variations in midlatitude Analyses of high-resolution SST and surface wind stress observations reveal that the climatological-mean near.

The Southern Annular Mode (SAM) or Antarctic Oscillation is the dominant pattern of natural variability in the Southern Hemisphere outside the tropics. The SAM is characterized by a poleward intensification (equatorward weakening) of the mid-latitude westerly winds that extends from the surface to the upper jet, in its positive (negative) phase.

observations of limited duration and observed sea surface temperatures (SSTs) requires a closed and therefore global domain, equilibrium between the fields, and robust methods of dealing with noise.

Noise arises from natural variability in the atmosphere and observational noise in precessing satellite observations. This paper explores the. The El Nino-Southern˜ Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon has important global effects on climate, including winter conditions over North America (e.g., Wallace and Gutzler (); Lau (); Ropelewski and Halpert ()).

Efforts to improve seasonal fore-casts of ENSO’s effects could therefore have useful societal payoffs in addition to being a. The El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is correlated with climate and tree growth over northern Mexico and the southern Great Plains of the US.

Warm events favor moist-cool conditions from October through March (event years 0 and +1), and subsequent tree growth (year +1) in the region tends to be above average.

Beside the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, there is another global factor that appears to force changes in tropical cyclones: the stratospheric Quasi-Biennial Oscillation (QBO), an east-west oscillation of stratospheric winds that encircle the globe near the equator (Wallace ).

The El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is an important mode of climatic variability that exerts a discernible impact on ecosystems and society through alterations in climate patterns. For this reason, ENSO has attracted much interest in the climate and health science community, with many analysts investigating ENSO health links through considering the degree of dependency Cited by: 9.

Figure 5. Referring back to our discussion of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation, if we look at the sea surface temperature anomalies for the high latitudes of the North Atlantic (60NN, 80WE), we see a much improved correlation ( instead of for the AMO).

() Yu, J.-Y., Understanding El Nino Southern Oscillation and its interactions with the Indian Ocean and monsoon. Book chapter in Recent Progress in Atmospheric Sciences with Applications to the Asia-Pacific Region, Liou, K N and Chou, M D (Ed.), World Scientific Publishing, Singapore, Relationships between tropical sea surface temperature and top-of-atmosphere radiation: Geophysical Research Letters: More knowledge, less certainty: Nature Reports: Climate Change: Simulation of present day and twenty-first-century energy budgets of the southern oceans: Journal of Climate: Mean sea level (MSL) (often shortened to sea level) is an average level of the surface of one or more of Earth's bodies of water from which heights such as elevation may be measured.

The global MSL is a type of vertical datum – a standardised geodetic datum – that is used, for example, as a chart datum in cartography and marine navigation, or, in aviation, as the.

The multi-decadal global warming rate changes are primarily attributed to multiple ocean surface temperature changes, according to research by Institute of Atmospheric Physics and Australian Bureau of Meteorology, and It is the net impact of multiple ocean surface temperature changes, rather than a single ocean basin change, that plays a main.

The El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is a dominant source of global climate variability. The effects of this phenomenon alter the flow of heat from tropical to polar latitudes, resulting in weather and climate anomalies that are difficult to forecast.

The current work quantified two components of the vertically integrated equation for the total energy content of an atmospheric Author: Evan Kutta, Jason A.

Hubbart, Timothy P. Eichler, Anthony R. Lupo. Seasonal climate summary southern hemisphere (spring ): the /89 positive phase of the Southern Oscillation draws to an end: Nydam, P.G. Not available: 38/4: Book reviews - The Australian Weather Book. (Keith Colls and Richard Whitaker), Carbon Dioxide and Global Change: Earth in Transition.

A describe how changing surface-ocean conditions, including El Niño-Southern Oscillation, affect global weather and climate patterns Earth Science Literacy Principles The four major systems of Earth are the geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere. The Earth's climate is determined by a number of complex connected physical, chemical and biological processes occurring in the atmosphere, land and ocean.

The radiative properties of the atmosphere, a major controlling factor of the Earth's climate, are strongly affected by the biophysical state of. OBSERVING THE GLOBAL OCEAN SURFACE CIRCULATION (abbreviated and updated from Dohan et al.

OceanObs’09 Community White Paper/ Rik Lumpkin1) 1NOAA/Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological laboratory, Miami, FL, email: [email protected] 1. GLOBAL SURFACE CURRENTS This paper describes global observations of sea surface.

THE SOUTHERN OSCILLATION The Southern Oscillation is a large-scale exchange of atmospheric mass in the atmosphere between the eastern and western hemispheres in the tropics.

It can be detected in sea-level atmospheric pressure records as a see-saw of high pressure in the South Pacific Ocean and low pressure in the Indian Ocean alternating with. A new methodology for deriving daily averages of near surface specific humidity (Q a) is developed. Remotely sensed parameters, total water vapor (W), boundary-layer water vapor (W b), and sea-surface temperature (SST) are used to derive Q a.

Genetic algorithm (GA) is used to find the empirical function relating the input (W, W b, and SST) and output (Q a) Cited by: 5. “The global surface warming of about °C that has been experienced over the last years and the multi-decadal up-and-down global temperature changes of °C that have been observed over this period are hypothesized to be driven by a combination of multi-century and multi-decadal ocean circulation changes.